Kupilu is commonly known as Nux vomica. The plant have numerous medicinal properties and is used in alleviating many diseases. Dr. Varun Ram Raj of Ayurvedatarian uses the herb Kupilu in conditions involving the vitiation of Kapha and Vata doshas as it alleviates these doshas. The herb is used to treat conditions like Cholera, Skin disorder, Diarrhoea etc. Kupilu is also used as astringent , aphrodisiac, appetizer etc as it contains Phytoconstituents like strychnine , vomicine etc.

General aspects and Geography

Botanical name : Strychnos nuxvomica         

Family :  Loganiaceae 

Habitat: Found through out India

Parts used

  • Seeds

Classical categorization based on Ayurveda Textbooks

Charaka Samhita – not mentioned 

Susruta Samhita – not mentioned 

Pharmacological action

  • Nervine stimulant 
  • Hypertensive 
  • Aphrodisiac 
  • Digestive 

Medicinal property according to Ayurveda

  • Grahi (Constipative )
  • Kandughna (Reduces itching )
  • Balya (nourishing )
  • Vranahara(Heals ulcers )

Therapeutic indications

  • Loss of appetite (Agnimandyam)- The powder of Kupilu seeds are triturated with lemon juice and pills are made. Intake of this pills increase appetite 
  • Cholera(Visucika)- Fried Kupilu powder mixed with water and pills are made. This will check Cholera.


Powder (Churna) – 60 mg

Tablet - 2 tablets twice daily or as per the advice of the Ayurveda doctor 

Note: Ayurveda medications must be taken only after consulting an Ayurveda doctor. 


  • Agnitundi rasa  
  • Visatinduka taila

Morphology :

A perennial deciduous tree with greyish bark. Leaves are broadly elliptic. Inflorescence is terminal cymes. Flowers are green.

Vernacular names of Kupilu

English – nuxvomica 

Hindi- kuchla

Malayalam – kanjiram

Sanskrit -kupilu 


  • Kakathiduka
  • Visatinduka 
  • Garadruma 


Rasa- Katu (Acrid ) 

Guna-  Laghu (Light)

Vipaka- Katu (Acrid ) 

Virya- ushna (hot )

कुपीलुःशीतलंतिक्तं वातलं मदकृल्लघु

परंव्यथाहरग्राहि कफपित्तास्त्रनाशनम् ।।

(Bhavaprakasa Nighantu -Amradi phala varga-shloka 68)

  Kupilu alleviate Vata Kapha doshas because of its properties like hot potency and Acrid taste. Ayurvedatarian lead by Dr.Varun Ram Raj, uses the herb Kupilu to treat numerous diseases including Cholera, Haemorrhoids, Diarrhoea etc and also conducts researches on the herb to prepare new combinations of medicines to cure diseases effectively. Reach Ayurvedatarian for better health management.

Frequently asked Questions

  1. What is the fatal dose of Kupilu churna?

Above 2g is fatal and may produce complications.

  1. What is the Dosage of Kupilu churna?

          Kupilu churna can be taken internally at a dose of 60 m g  for an adult.


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